Aquaculture practiced in your back yard has little or no resemblance to the large commercial fish farms that provide a large percentage of packaged fish you find in supermarkets. These large farms are operated for maximum profit with tanks overflowing with fish to provide the most yield for the buck. Your backyard farm will probably be optimized for beauty and decoration first with food production being a byproduct of the operation.
For the benefit of MOTHER EARTH NEWS readers who may have missed the previous segments of the series, this is the last of four articles describing the various components of an experimental, underground hydroponic greenhouse and aquaculture unit recently built on my homestead in the mountains of northern New Mexico. The present installment deals with aquaculture.
Aquaculture is the cultivation of fish or other cold-blooded aquatic animals such as mussels, clams and crayfish under optimum controlled conditions. Fish farming — perhaps a more descriptive term — has been practiced for thousands of years in the Orient, and has recently become a profitable business in the United States. Catfish are raised on large farms throughout the South, and in Louisiana crayfish culture has proven to be a profitable commercial venture. In mountainous states such as Idaho, where an abundance of cold running water is available, fish farms provide the market with pan-sized rainbow trout at premium prices.
Read more: http://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/organic-aquaculture-system-zmaz75zwar.aspx#ixzz2VS5ioJXs
Visit this site to read the remainder of this article.
Tilapia is a fine backyard farm fish with delicate flavor and quick maturation rates that make for a quick growing season in cooler than equatorial climates. Agribusiness is the norm for commercial farms while hobby is the idea behind your back yard pond.